Pathological connections between the esophagus and the trachea or major (See "Bronchopleural fistula in adults" and "Alveolopleural fistula.
The rare “H-type” of tracheoesophageal fistula is the only type that remains undetected until adulthood since both the trachea and esophagus.
The approach to treatment of adult patients with tracheoesophageal fistulas benign process or a malignancy, with the latter usually primary esophageal cancer. location of the tracheal aspect of the fistula, surgical therapy involves primary.
Most broncho-esophageal fistulas (BEF) in the adult population develop as a result of .. BEF is the congenital failure of separation of the tracheal band from the.